Not many people are concerned about their gums. Most of us may think about our teeth and how we can protect them against cavities. But, did you know that gum disease is a bigger problem that can cause more damage in the long run?
Here’s what you need to know about periodontal disease and how Above Dental can help you.
Periodontal Disease at a Glance
The gums are the tissues that protect the teeth. They cover the alveolar bone where the tooth roots are embedded. They are pink in color and are quite soft. What makes them feel hard is the alveolar bone underneath them.
The dividing line between the tooth and the gums is called the gum line. Although the gums are tightly wrapped around teeth, there may be small spaces between gum and the tooth root where bacteria can crawl into. When food particles, plaque, and bacteria accumulate in the gum lining, gum disease is inevitable.
Brushing and flossing regularly is necessary, but it doesn’t always protect against gum disease, especially if the bacteria have already infected the gum lining. Since toothbrushes can’t reach beneath the gums, professional cleaning is needed to get the infected areas removed.
Why Do You Need to Treat Gum Disease?
Gum disease is the number one cause of tooth loss all over the world. If not treated at an early stage, gum disease has a high chance of recurrence and it becomes a lifelong oral disease. As the infection progresses, teeth become more susceptible to decay and the alveolar bone slowly degenerates. The end result is a toothless mouth with weak jaw bones.
The best way to get early treatment for gum disease is through regular dental check-ups. At Above Dental, we always keep an updated record of our patients’ oral health so that both patient and dentist are aware of the impending problems. It will also be easier to nip the disease in the bud and prevent it from causing more problems.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
At first, gum disease doesn’t show any symptoms. This is one of the primary reasons why a lot of people don’t know they have the disease. The bacteria will slowly wreak havoc along the gum line and beneath it without showing any obvious signs.
Over time, gum disease may manifest itself through the following symptoms:
- Swollen, red, and bleeding gums;
- Tooth sensitivity;
- Gum recession and exposure of more tooth material; and,
- Bad breath.
Some patients may experience other symptoms like a metallic taste in the mouth (dysgeusia), painful biting and chewing, and wobbly or loose teeth. These are often seen in patients who have very severe cases of periodontal disease.
Gum Disease Treatments
Depending on the severity, gum disease can be treated through a number of procedures, including:
Pinhole Gum Rejuvenation
A Scalpel-Free, Suture-Free, Graft-Free Treatment Option for Receding Gums. A quick, easy and instantly pleasing procedure that can be life changing! Read more…
Scaling and Root Planing
This is the first solution to fight early gum disease, also known as gingivitis. Scaling is a procedure wherein all signs of plaque and tartar are removed from the tooth surface and gum line. Root planing is done to smooth out the tooth roots, making it harder for bacteria to stick to it. A local anesthetic may be needed during this procedure.
Flap surgery is a more in-depth take at scaling and root planing. It’s a very similar procedure, but instead of just accessing the tooth roots with a hand tool, the gums are detached from the teeth and flipped open. This is done to allow full cleaning of the tooth roots within the affected gum area.
Since it is a surgical procedure, flap surgery requires general anesthesia. The length of treatment depends on the severity of the problem. The procedure may be performed on patients with recurrent gingivitis.
When the gums have receded too far, grafting is performed to replace the lost gum tissue. This is very effective in preventing tooth loss since the gum mass will be restored and the tooth roots will be protected from infection again.
Bone grafting does for bones what gum grafting does for gums. It is done to promote regeneration of the alveolar bone. It is usually done on patients who have already lost many teeth and are getting dental implant restorations. Strong and dense bone is needed to hold the implants and allow them to osseointegrate properly.
Let the Best Coos Bay Dentist Take Care of Your Gums!
If you would like to keep your gums healthy and free from disease, Above Dental is the place to go. Our expert dentists are very knowledgeable in periodontal care and disease prevention. They will work with you to prevent gum disease, or prevent it from worsening. They will also give you important pointers to maintain oral health.
To schedule a consultation with our dentists, please give us a call at (541) 756-0155 or ask for an appointment using this page. Our dental staff is always ready to assist you and answer your queries. You can also drop by our dental office at 2070 Virginia Avenue, North Bend, Oregon, for more information about our services.